Cambodia is located in the southern part of Indochina, the population makes more than thirteen million and it lives in the territory in 181 000 sq.m. Here the king rules.
The name Cambodia is taken from Sanskrit and it is considered that Khmers who make about 80% of the population also now so called the power. The state appeared here till 612: there were wars with Siam, Vietnam, in the late nineties it took over France, and till 1945 all territory was occupied by Japan. Only in 1953 Cambodia became independent.
Khmers live in the South and in the valley of the Mekong River, other inhabitants representing minority are natives of China and Vietnam, occupy the cities and big villages. Craft work, trade wholesale and retail, fishing or work on rubber plantations becomes their primary activity. On plains inhabitants are engaged in agriculture, mainly it is provinces Kampong Cham and Kampongchang in whom there live chama. In mountains the people grow up rice and are followers of podsechno-fire system of housekeeping or as it is called still — Ray.
State language is Khmer, in it speaks to 95% of inhabitants, it is also used Chinese, chamsky and Vietnamese. The mountain people talk on the adverbs: зярай, stiyeng, Kui, time, samra. The youth began to learn actively English, and elderly Cambodians speak French. The prevailing religion — the Buddhism, minority professes Catholicism, there is a small amount of Cao Dai followers.
The combined and individual tours to Cambodia attract a huge number of tourists. Fans of active recreation, extreme sports, highly topical excursion programs will derive pleasure maximum here. It is possible to combine several excursions — Vietnam-Cambodia or Thailand-Laos-Cambodia. Reasonable prices and high-quality service at the European level please.
Distinguish three main seasons for visit of the state: from November to January — the most cool time, from February to April — the hottest period and from May to October — the most rainy season. Average annual temperature makes + 25C °. Tourism gradually develops in Cambodia, but it is still least known and visited country though it is absolutely undeserved: here the huge number of the historical, cultural sights relating to different centuries settles down. Even the shortest tour will allow to remember this ancient state occupied by simple, friendly and friendly people with admiration.
The most part of cultural heritage of Cambodia remained so far though this country had to endure a lot of things, especially during maintaining policy by Red Khmers which was called "the pure state". Then more than two million people and a set of works of art died.
Modern rest in Cambodia cannot be presented without royal ballet which brightly and emotionally shows communication between the past and the present. Dances of Java, India, Thailand are the cornerstone. During the difficult historical periods this art form was on the verge of disappearance, but thanks to the survived seamstress it was succeeded to keep and revive beauty of a national suit.
The most known historical monument Angkor occupies the space about 200 sq.m. This huge complex from majestic palaces and temples was the capital of the Khmer state in the ninth century. The outer side of walls of constructions is decorated with various bas-reliefs among which it is possible to distinguish Ramayana's heroes, god Vishnu and aggressive duels of the king. The most considerable cult construction in the world is Angkor Wat, and its citadel — Angkor Thom. In total about hundred constructions which were taken under control by UNESCO in 1992 remained.
Any rest in Cambodia provides visit of the city of Roluos which is the capital at government of Dzhayavarman II who founded all Khmer state. The Buddhist monastery still works in the temple with Lolya, and the five-level architecture is considered feature of Bakonga: this sanctuary is surrounded with three powerful walls creating protection and the deep ditch which is settling down between the first and second wall.
Now the capital is Phnom Penh — this big port stretched on the river Tonle Sap was built in the fourteenth century. Here it is very picturesque and beautiful, areas of the Royal Palace, the National museum and the French country houses are most visited.
The royal palace consists of the Throne-room, three pavilions: Elephant, Napoléon III and Chang-Chaya, and Royal treasury. It is necessary to look at the Gold statue of Buddha in Pre-Vikher-Keo-Morakote and magnificent Royal gardens. To visit the palace it will not turn out as the entrance is closed here, but in free access all next buildings. Fans of history will surely estimate objects of true Khmer story which remained in the National museum: numerous collections of different centuries, since sixth century, are presented here.
In the southern part of the country the most known sea resort of Sihanoukville was located, it is called still by the City of Fishermen or the Coastal City. Small, cozy and developing — its economy is formed on fishery, trade and tourist activity. This area is famous for magnificent gold beaches, the purest waters of the Gulf of Thailand and exotic palm groves. The most popular beaches: Victoria Scourge, Sokha-Bich and Hawaii-twist. Faultlessly clear water disposes to diving and snorkeling, and also there is an opportunity to drive on a water ski, to do swimming or to fish. The resort offers a set of modern comfortable hotels: to five - four - and three-stars, persons interested can remove a local bungalow.
In the north of the country Battambang is located: this city is slow and keeps a charm of colonial style, its main sight is ancient beautiful French quarter on the river bank. In it there is a set of restaurants where it is possible to try the real Cambodian, Chinese and Thai cuisine. The institutions Sunrise Coffeehouse and Phkay Proek are most popular. It is possible to get souvenirs and to make shopping in the local markets: on Psar Nath the huge choice of meat, fruit and vegetables, and on Da Nine Market it is possible to get various memorable trifles or things necessary for each tourist.
The resort town Cap offers comfortable rest in Cambodia to those who love sea walks, gold beaches and the picturesque nature. Fans of tasty and nutritious meat of crabs will be able to regale on this delicacy here, hunting for them independently or having bought from locals. Earlier it was very popular resort among the French elite, now tourists were reduced here, but it is possible to have a rest from city bustle, and also to make a small trip to the desert island Rabbit which is located near the city — it will bring the mass of unforgettable emotions and impressions. Cap gradually develops and will return himself a rank of the known resort soon.