If the person wants to learn more about east culture and to have a rest in an environment devstvenno of the pure nature, South Korea – the best place for a travel. The modern architecture adjoins to monuments of ancient history, and special way of society allows to feel comfortably even in an environment of strangers.
All Koreans honor the principles of Confucianism which propagandize the ideas of justice, humanity and respect – to parents, a family and friends. For this reason relationship between people is unusual to the Russian person here: there are certain canons of behavior between the father and children, the husband and the wife, with friends and strangers. In the beginning can seem to you that locals do not notice you, but this feeling passes as soon as you to someone were presented.
The visa is not required to citizens of Russia for entry into the Republic of Korea since January 1, 2014 provided that the term of their stay does not exceed 60 days, and the purpose of a visit is tourism, visit of friends or relatives, a short business visit or transit. The total term of stay cannot exceed 90 days for each half a year.
At customs be ready to examination: into the country forbid to import more than 500 thousand wons (local currency) cash, however at desire you can always use the Visa card or dollars. Local banks work all days, except days off. Also large hotels of Korea can exchange currency, and in the markets and in small shops accept dollars.
If you carry expensive equipment, the photoequipment, weapon or jewelry, you should fill in the declaration. Some imported goods are assessed with duty: more than 1 bottle of alcohol, over 400 cigarettes, 80 cigars and things with the high cost (over 300 wons).
South Korea – the country with rich cultural heritage. Here practically all known art forms are developed: folk music with string instruments, dances (under a drum, in masks, spiritual and monastic). Modern literature has a dissident shade, local books are written with the special hangeul font, and language is considered a separate form of art.
Painting is very similar to the Chinese, calligraphy elements are developed. Sculptures – various statues and decoration of pagodas in Buddhist style. The best statue of Buddha is located in Sokkuram. Woodcarving is very popular – souvenirs from local masters will help to remember rest in Korea. Over the country it is possible to find many monuments of architecture – modern and ancient structures: pagodas, Palaces, Temples and gate, and also unique skyscrapers.
A large number of monuments of antiquity is concentrated on the southeast of the country in the capital of the ancient kingdom of Sil – Gyeongju. Fans of history will like the ancient Buddhist temple of the Bulguksa which name is translated as "The monastery of a kingdom of Buddha". In the temple the Bell Emil more than 3,5 meters high settles down. Also tourists will be able to visit the pavilion Teundzhon, Five tombs (Onyn), the most ancient observatory of Chkhomsonde, the national museum of Kenchzhu, a tomb of the commander Kym Xing. On the lake Pomun the resort complex settles down, and on the mountain Namsan it is possible to see pagodas and ancient monasteries.
Practically all tours to Korea offer an excursion to the unique temple Sokkuram located in caves at top of the mountain Tkhozamsan known around the world. In the center of the temple there is Buddha's statue on an octahedral pedestal, and the main hall is connected to an anteroom a fanlike corridor. The statue is surrounded with the small sculptures representing 10 pupils of Buddha, 39 бодхисатв, dev and heavenly voivodes. This composition symbolizes Buddha's monastery – Pure Earth.
One more unique construction executed in style of the early period Choson – the monastery of Haeinsa in the province Kensan-Namdo. It is remarkable not only grace, but also a unique design – ancient architects created the optimum ventilation which allowed to remain well to patterns and letters on walls. Exactly here "Tripitaka Koreana" – the most complete collection of the Buddhist writing is stored. It is located in two long buildings forming the northern and southern parties of a huge square. The storage is announced by national property of Korea.
To fans of ancient architecture recommend to visit four royal palaces of a dynasty Choson located in Seoul. The full architectural composition consists of palaces Kenbokkun, Chkhandokkun, Tokgusun and Chkhangengun, and also the Secret garden adjoining one of palaces. Now all of them are exploited as the museums and please visitors with magnificent planning and classical architecture. And those who is fond of military history surely should visit the military and historical museum. Also near Seoul the village issued in traditional Korean style is located: rest in South Korea is impossible without visit of the similar place.