Going to Italy to Sardinia on the vacation, be ready that this place forever will remain in your soul a synonym of earthly paradise and the best corner of the planet. The island of Sardinia is the second-large, after Sicily, the island belonging to Italy, it is washed by the Tirrensky and Mediterranean seas, and the distance to the mainland of the country makes about 250 km. The area makes only 240 sq. kilometers. The island, according to the legend, received the name from a name of one of sons of the mythical athlete Heracles – Sardona whose army occupied the territory of the island in due time. And here the historian of Ancient Greece Pavsany in the works gives other interpretation. Greeks found in its form similarity to a trace of a human leg – in Greek "ихнус", and the island some time carried this name. Nevertheless, the first option got accustomed and remained almost invariable up to now.
The northern coast of the island and what is turned to the mainland of Italy is entirely covered with mountains. The traveler of the Middle Ages Ibn-Batutta who intentionally excluded from the travel the non-Muslim countries owing to the religiousness and honoring of traditions of Islam nevertheless visited this island and was much surprised with its magnificence and uniqueness of an arrangement. By then it already had many drama historical sights.
History of Sardinia is too interesting to ignore it the. The island was opened by Phoenicians, but shortly got under management of Carthage, then passed to Rome. Centuries later Sardinia began to belong to Spain, passed to Austria later, and at the beginning of the 18th century departed to the Sardinian kingdom of the same name. Russians practically did not visit this island and little knew about it, even those who often were in Italy, traveling or improving diplomatic relations. At the very end of the 18th century the island, at last, received also the share of attention – the king of Italy took refuge on it in own residence Cagliari, escaping from capture by the French army which is victoriously occupying the cities of the country. It was come to the rescue by Suvorov's army which could resist to army of conquerors and helped to exempt Italy from the French domination. For it to the Russian commander the honorary title of the Grand marshal of the kingdom of Sardinia was given. Thanks to these events the island became well-known for the whole world.
Gradually, eventually, more and more foreigners began to visit him. Marine painters found sea landscapes magnificent, and archeologists dug out in the earth of the proof that once on the island lived alone from the most ancient civilizations of the Mediterranean.
Today on rest on Sardinia the prices are rather big – it is defined by great demand of the tourists dreaming to visit numerous beaches and the cities of Sardinia. Really, here is what to look at: the unique natural landscape, the picturesque sea coast, hillsides covered with dense thickets, magnificent flowers and plants, soft Mediterranean climate with its breeze.
Having gone to Italy to Sardinia on the vacation, you by all means want to return here not once yet. Today the cities of Sardinia are turned into small cozy resorts, with a set of hotels and hotels. You can stop as in smart apartments, and to rent a country house directly on the seashore At rent of country houses in Italy, you receive the smart dwelling with own pool and a garden. It is not necessary to miss on Sardinia – you will be waited by the most various entertainments. Constantly restaurants work with the European and ethnic cuisine, the improving centers, night clubs and discos. To services of tourists – diving, walks top, archery, scooters and an opportunity to hire the car.
The climate of Sardinia differs in softness, as well as all Mediterranean coast. Cloudy days are not enough here, and sunshine appear in the sky almost every day, irrespective of a season. The swimming season on the island proceeds from May to October, and average air temperature fluctuates from +12 ° in the winter to +26 ° in summer months. Average water temperature makes on Sardinia from +7 ° in cold season to +25 ° in August when it finally gets warm.
Even, in spite of the fact that on rest on Sardinia the prices are rather high, here it is always possible to meet many tourists. The majority them them come here at the end of spring, and the last vacationers leave the island in the middle of the fall.
The difference between time on Sardinia and in Moscow makes two hours. During a summer season when the flow of tourists in this direction increases, on the island it is possible to reach as charter flights from Moscow, and from the airports of Milan, Rome and Venice, at the same time the time spent in air will make about 1-1,5 hours.
Sardinia is divided into provinces, each of which is glad to offer to tourists all terms for comfortable rest. The best Costa Smeralda, in translation – the Emerald coast which is in a northeast part of the island is considered. The small gorges located directly in granite rocks do the coastline fancy and very attractive. Between them you will find lonely beaches with crystal-clear water and white sand. The southern province of Sardinia of Cagliari and its capital of the same name are well-known that once there was a residence of the Italian kings. Cagliari passes along the coastline, in its territory it is possible to meet limy hills, interesting on the structure, the most known of which – the cape of Sant'-Elia, is entered in the list of the All-European nature sanctuaries.
Thanks to Italian cuisine, during rest on Sardinia the prices are not a serious barrier to true gourmets. Local cooks are capable to bring true pleasure wealth and a harmony of tastes. Here you will find both restaurant brands, and small cozy institutions well-known for the whole world which quality of dishes will not be worse at all. Here serve unique seafood, salads and hot appetizers, fish of different preparation, and it is obligatory - to leave the well-known Italian wines of various shades and aromas which are incapable nobody indifferent.
Entertainments on the island of Sardinia Italy are presented for every taste: discos and clubs Costa Smeralda are known among youth of the whole world. The rich excursion program will allow you to know better unique history of the island and to see the monuments of culture and architecture of the Middle Ages which remained up to now. Here it is possible to find the remains of settlements of a great number of the people at different times inhabiting Sardinia: Phoenicians, Carthaginians, Romans, Arabs, pizanets, Spaniards and genoeses.
Many programs set as the purpose not only excursions, but also the held at the same time entertainment program. For example, visit of house museum of the hero of Italy Garibaldi it is combined with a tour across small islands, and also bathing in the high sea and shopping. And informative for tourists visit of the National archaeological museum and an exhibition of religious painting in Pinacoteca Nazionale will be very interesting.
The historical part of the island of Sardinia is also full of sights – buildings and towers, medieval cathedrals and small quarters of houses remained here. For example, the Cathedral of the 13th century, with the remained gold mosaic and a wooden balcony on which there were places for kings of that time.
It is also worth visiting the Roman amphitheater where more than once there took place the well-known gladiatorial fights, the Botanical garden of local university, with its unique rich flora. Do not forget to take with yourself in a travel the camera – it will help to imprint the magnificent landscapes of Sardinia opening from any height of the island.
And the total length of beaches of the island - its main sight - makes nearly 2000 kilometers, and they by right are considered as the most beautiful in Italy. The sea on all coast exclusively pure, and sand ashore soft and warm.
Rest on the coast of Italy on the island of Sardinia is considered one of the best according to tourists.