Tunisia is the country located on the Mediterranean coast of North Africa, exactly in the middle between the Atlantic Ocean and the valley of Nile. Official standing 34 degrees of northern latitude and 9 degrees of east longitude. The general territory makes 163 610 sq.km from which 8 250 – water spaces.
In the West Tunisia borders on Algeria, and in the southeast – on Libya. Two entry in the Mediterranean Sea in the south give to the country sharp turn of the coastline. In the north a temperate climate, with soft, rainy winters and in the hot, dry summer. In the south climate desert.
Despite of rather small sizes, Tunisia can brag of a fine geographical and climatic variety. Dorsal (other name – the Tunisian ridge) this continuation of Atlassky mountains. It crosses Tunisia in the northeast direction: from border with Algeria in the West to the peninsula Bohn's Cap. In the north of Dorsal there is Tell – the region which main characteristic are low sloping hills and plains though the northwest areas of Tunisia are covered with the heights reaching up to 1050 meters. The highest point of the country – Dzhabal аш Shanabi – 1544 meters, the lowest - Shatt al Gkharash – 17 meters above sea level.
Sakhil is a plain along east Mediterranean coast of Tunisia, known that here grow up olives. The part of the territory from Sakhil, between Dorsal and the ridge to the South from Gafsa is Stepps. The most part of the southern region is desert or a polupustynna.
From all earth under arable economy 19%, forestry – 4%, cereal cultures – 13%, constant pastures – 20% are taken away. Because of such division the erosion of the earth which is promoted also by deforestation is observed. Arable lands are very fertile here. More than forty percent occupy semidesertic and desert regions.
Resorts of Tunisia:
During the whole season, you will enjoy Tunisia, one of its gold beaches and the deep blue sea. With more than 1200 kilometers of the coast this solar Mediterranean earth - paradise for the vacationer.
Known areas of the sea resort - Sousse, Monastir, Hammamet and Nabeul, Djerba and Tabarka offer the visitors the most beautiful beaches and transparent water, along with the choice of the hotels along the coastline providing you various sea sports meets causing dizziness such as windsurfing and sailing, underwater sightseeing, fishing and short trips by boats. Hotels are constructed with comfort for the visitor, for a long time there are in memory their restaurants providing both the international, and Tunisian cuisine. During all summer season many efforts are spent to provide in hotel at most of actions, summer festivals which invite you are held everywhere join to yours to the Tunisian owners to celebrate day of the Neptune, to divide with you the local folklore, to enjoy a concert or to participate in this or that entertainment.
You feel that you for nothing spend time, blame yourself in the long, lazy days used in delightful inaction ashore? Well! You have a choice. The variety of modern resorts will lead you to other Tunisia, one of the ancient cities with Catholic, Arab, Berber or Phoenician stay traces. Reminders on this rich historical past are available everywhere in a large number, and visitors will come back here again and again, fascinated by a variety of this Mediterranean earth. Ask in your hotel concerning trips. Many Tunisian travel companies provide to the majority of the European capitals and in all main towns in Tunisia information on guides, cards, brochures, and some councils to help you to plan unforgettable vacation.
Lags behind from Moscow for two hours.
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Nearly 98% of the population of Tunisia practise Islam. The population of Tunisia differs in toleration and lives in the world with representatives of other religions. Three Orthodox Christians of church — two Russians in Tunisia and Bizerga and one Greek act in the country. Besides, in the capital there is a small Jewish community, several thousands of Catholics live in the same place.
Annually in Tunisia 340 various festivals of the international and local value are held. At the end of December in Tunisia usually there takes place the well-known Festival of the Sahara in Duz — a small oasis in the south of Tunisia. During a holiday berbers show art of horse driving, arrange the dramatized representations which recreate ancient national traditions and customs. This colourful show annually attracts more than 50 thousand viewers. At tourists such national holidays as the Desert Locks festival (in March), the Festival of hawk hunting (in June), the International festival of Carthage (in July-August) and many others enjoy popularity. Besides, in July-August in Monastire the International Festival of arts "Solar Mediterranean summer", in Tabarke, in the ancient fortress of Basilicas is held, in July there takes place the International festival of jazz music.
Discover for yourself Tunisia — this amazing country where during the excursions you will be able to plunge into history of this ancient earth, to learn about its unique nature, to enjoy views of picturesque chains of Atlassky mountains, to travel on the boundless desert. You can order both a group excursion, and an individual trip with the personal guide.
Public transport and car rental:
In Tunisia bus traffic is developed, the country is covered with network of bus routes and by bus it is possible to reach to any city. Besides, some kind of tram — TGM which plies along a route Tunisia — Gullet — Mars works, on it it is possible to reach also Carthage, Salambo and Sidikbu-Said. Both in the cities, and between them it is possible to move by a taxi — this type of transport quite cheap. City and intercity cars of a taxi differ. City taxi — yellow color. Long-distance taxi ("a big taxi") — work on the counter. In addition, there is a share long-distance taxi where fare makes a reservation with the driver. Any tourist is more senior than 21 years if its driver's experience makes not less than a year, can rent the car. The maximum speed of movement in city boundaries — 50 km/h, on highways — 110 km/h.
Monetary unit of Tunisia – dinar. The exchange rate is unstable, it is better to import money in US dollars or euro, however free circulation of foreign currency in Tunisia is forbidden, and illegal currency transactions are pursued in a criminal order. In this regard it is recommended to make currency exchange only in special points at banks or in your hotel on a rack "Reception". It is desirable to have a quantity of small notes. Banks work from 08:00 till 14:00 during the summer period and from 08:00 till 16:00 in the winter on the working days without breaks.
Tip it is accepted to leave in cafe and restaurants — usually about 10% of the account sum. Tip is paid drivers and guides — on 3-5 dinars from the person. Usually it is necessary to the porter half-dinar. To thank the maid, she needs to give money directly in a charge, these are about 5 dinars in a week. At desire it is also possible "to round" the sum on the counter in a taxi.
Shops work during a low season from 9:00 till 19:00, (a break 12.00 till 15:00), during a summer season from 8:00 till 20:00 (a break from 12:00 till 16:00), some supermarkets work round the clock. During Ramadan the operating mode changes: from 9:00 till 13:00 and from 19:00 till 21:00 daily. In Tunisia many goods including famous brands, is cheaper, than, for example, in Russia. It is possible at the good prices to buy qualitative leather products and clothes, textiles, footwear. There are tax-exempt zones. Goods of local production — woolen carpets, pottery, copper stamping, exaggerated glass, etc. also are for tourists in demand. On central squares of many Tunisian cities very picturesque markets where local agricultural products and clothes are on sale will be organized every week.
All types of telephone communication in Tunisia paid. An exit to an international telecommunication (Russia) – (007), further to gather a code of the city and phone. You can use both phone of hotel, and payphones (blue color), also public telephone booths work at post offices.
That who takes medicine, we recommend to take surely them with ourselves. Create the first-aid kit of first aid which will help you at easy indispositions, will save time for searches of medicines and will save from communication problems in a foreign language. Besides, many drugs have abroad other names. During a summer season it is desirable to have sunglasses and creams for care of skin with digital designations. The it is higher than a figure, the protection level is higher. Do not neglect headdresses, being long time for the sun.
Follow rules of personal hygiene and reasonable measures of precaution concerning casual places of public catering. For prevention it is necessary to refrain from the use in public places: not boiled water and freshly squeezed juice; fresh vegetable and fruit salads; fruit, crude before the use; ice cream; confectionery with a fruit stuffing; food ice. In all cases of existence of symptoms of a disease immediately ask for medical care (necessary information contains in the text of the insurance policy). Be attentive and vigilant during the travel as the tourist centers in all countries draw attention of swindlers and pickpockets. Danger to tourists on streets is constituted by the motorcyclists breaking bags therefore we recommend to carry bags through a shoulder. You store money and documents so that they did not become their production. Stations, gas stations, the markets are among places of the increased danger. Be careful and do not leave things without the or authorized representative of supervision, especially in public transport and at a transfer. Leaving the bus at stops, including during the excursions, do not leave in it hand luggage, especially valuable things and money. Responsibility for safety of hand luggage, lies on the passenger.
Customs and orders:
As the guest you have to respect and show tolerance to customs of the country to which you arrived. Before visit of temples or mosques find out the rules existing in this respect. You can obtain the relevant information at the guide, and also on information pages of our catalogs. For prevention of emergence of undesirable incidents it is recommended to the Russian citizens: to show friendliness to local population, to reckon with image of his life; to be patient, not to be rude, not to raise the voice, not to humiliate the dignity of local population; to respect local customs and traditions, not to show arrogance and neglect to local culture, and also not to allow offensive statements in relation to citizens and heads of the country of residence; not to appear in public places or on the street in a state of intoxication, it is equal how to take alcoholic beverages in the places which are not allocated for these purposes. In Tunisia there is a restriction for use of photo and video equipment on government agencies, special objects, some buildings and large shops, it is also not recommended to photograph locals without their consent. In resort areas it is possible to put on freely, however in districts of the old city or in working quarters it is not recommended to walk in too open clothes. During the religious holiday Ramadan it is desirable to refrain from the use of alcoholic beverages and smoking.
From Russia it is possible to take out without execution of the bank reference on export of currency and declaring up to 3 000 US dollars on the person. Duty-free it is possible to import up to 400 pieces of cigarettes into Tunisia (or 100 cigars), 2 liters of alcoholic beverages with a strength up to 23% or 1 liter of alcoholic beverages of bigger fortress. Values and jewelry need to be specified in the declaration. There are no restrictions for import of foreign currency, however in case of export from the country of foreign currency for the sum in an equivalent over 700 US dollars, it is necessary to show the allowing document. The special currency declaration completed with the tourist and certified by the Tunisian customs service at entrance can serve as this document. Import and export of national currency, explosive substances and weapon, drugs, the medicines containing a high dose of narcotic substances, pornographic editions is forbidden. When exporting from the country of the acquired antiquity objects – coins, oil lamps, etc., and also handwork carpets, certain questions from competent public authorities are possible. In order to avoid detention of the specified objects at customs, we recommend to have at ourselves the check confirming purchase, and permission to export. www.customs.ru is possible to obtain additional and urgent information on questions of customs registration on the official site of the Federal Customs Service of the Russian Federation.
For a travel citizens of Russia, the Baltic States and the CIS need to have the all-civil international passport which period of validity not less than 3 months from the date of the end of a tour. Responsibility for its reality is born by you and competent public authorities. Check period of validity of the passport, compliance of records of reality, existence and a condition of an impress of a seal on the corresponding pages and the photo, lack of corrections, erasures. Show consideration for rules of registration of trip abroad of minor children and in due time process necessary documents. The minor citizen of the Russian Federation, as a rule, leaves the Russian Federation in common at least with one of parents, adoptive parents, trustees or trustees. In case the minor citizen of the Russian Federation leaves the Russian Federation without maintenance, he has to have at himself except the passport notarially issued consent of the called persons to departure of the minor citizen of the Russian Federation with the indication of term of departure and the state (states) which, (which) he intends to visit. Upon the demand of competent authorities, the Birth certificate of the child or the notarized copy is submitted to attendants of the child. In case one of parents, adoptive parents, trustees or trustees declares the disagreement on departure from the Russian Federation of the minor citizen of the Russian Federation in the order established by the Government of the Russian Federation, the question of a possibility of its departure from the Russian Federation is resolved in a judicial proceeding. The child by age up to 14 years can be entered in the passport of the parent, at achievement of 6 years by the child of age in the passport of the parent leaving with the child there has to be a photo of the child (it is pasted by bodies of FMS with putting down of the corresponding press). The children who reached 14 years are obliged to have own passport. The main regulations regulating an order of departure from the Russian Federation and execution of exit documents: The federal law of August 15, 1996 No. 114-FZ "About an order of departure from the Russian Federation and entry into the Russian Federation"; The Act of the Russian Federation of April 1, 1993 No. 4730-I "About Frontier of the Russian Federation"; The Resolution of the Government of the Russian Federation of May 12, 2003 No. 273 "About the approval of Rules of filing of application about disagreement on departure from the Russian Federation the minor citizen of the Russian Federation"; The order of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation of May 26, 1997 No. 310 "About the approval of the Instruction about an order of registration and issue of passports to citizens of the Russian Federation for departure from the Russian Federation and entry into the Russian Federation". Citizens of Russia, the Baltic States and the CIS (except for citizens of Armenia) can leave to Tunisia without in advance issued visa on continuous stay in the country within 30 days from the date of entrance on condition of single entry into the country. For more long trip it is necessary to issue the visa in Embassy of the Republic Tunisia in Moscow.
For departure to Tunisia citizens of Armenia have to issue independently the visa in Embassy of the Republic Tunisia in Moscow. For the citizens who do not have citizenship of the Russian Federation other rules of departure and the Russian Federation and entrance on the territory of the Republic Tunisia can be established. We ask to learn about them in the relevant embassies and consulates. In case of crossing of state border of the Russian Federation and the Republic Tunisia of not properly processed documents and visas requirement about payment of a penalty from the state can be imposed on airline to you, and (or) the tourist agency (as compensation of losses). Crossing of state border of Tunisia requires existence of the valid international passport, tourist voucher, health insurance, air ticket of the returnable direction and the filled immigration card. In the absence of the tourist voucher you have to show the visa issued in Embassy of the Republic Tunisia. We pay your attention that according to the international conventions competent authorities of the foreign state have the right to refuse entry into the country to any person with the indication of the reasons or without indication of those. In case of your deportation you will independently incur all expenses connected with it. To obtain additional information on questions of execution of allowing documents and on an order of crossing of state border of the Russian Federation you can in specialized public authorities – Federal Migration Service of the Russian Federation and in its territorial divisions (www.fmsrf.ru) or in Russian Federal Border Service and its territorial divisions (http:/fps.fsb.ru).
It is possible to call from hotel and from payphones (blue color), there is a lot of them on streets. The call from hotel is much more expensive, than from the payphone. Also public telephone booths work at post offices. In automatic machines you will need coins in 1 dinar for the international negotiations and half-dinar and 100 millim — for internal.
Codes of the cities of Tunisia: